Insomnia is also called as sleep disorder or sleeplessness, Insomnia can be defined as a state where people have trouble sleeping, falling asleep according to their desire. Basically, Insomnia results in the daytime sleepiness, depressed mood, irritation, and finally low energy. The Insomnia may lead to psychological stress, chronic pain, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, heartburn, restless leg syndrome, menopause etc. Insomnia can stay for short terms or long terms.Sponsored Links
- Difficulty in falling asleep, that includes difficulty finding a comfortable sleeping position.
- Waking during the night, unable to return to sleep and waking up early.
- Difficulty in remembering, unable to focus on daily tasks.
- Daytime sleepiness.
- Feeling tired
- Low energy during the day
- Trouble concentrating
- Acting aggressive or impulsive
- Chronic pain
- Lower back pain
- Use of pain-relievers
- Heart disease.
- Sleep breathing disorders, such as upper airway resistance syndrome.
- Use of psychoactive drugs, including certain medications, herbs, caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, methylphenidate, aripiprazole, MDMA, modafinil, or excessive alcohol intake.
- Use of alcohol and other sedatives, such as anti-anxiety and sleep drugs.
- Restless legs syndrome
- PMLD – Periodic limb movement disorder, that occurs during sleep and can cause arousals of which the sleeper is unaware.
- Pain or a condition that causes pain can preclude an individual from finding a comfortable position in which to fall asleep, and can in addition cause awakening.
- Hormone shifts.
- Life events such as fear, stress, anxiety, emotional or mental tension, work problems, financial stress, birth of a child, and bereavement.
- Heartburn or constipation.
- Mental disorders such as bipolar disorder, clinical depression, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, etc.
- Disturbances of the circadian rhythm.
- Neurological disorders, brain lesions, or a history of traumatic brain injury.
- Medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism
- Abuse of over-the counter or prescription sleep aids.
- Poor sleep hygiene.
- A rare genetic condition can cause fatal familial insomnia.
- Physical exercise. For example, common in athletes in the form of prolonged sleep onset latency.
- Increased exposure to the blue light from artificial sources, such as phones or computers
Types of Insomnia:
There are different types of Insomnia, they are:
- Acute insomnia
- Chronic insomnia
- Comorbid insomnia
- Onset insomnia
- Maintenance insomnia
- Acute insomnia can be defined as a small period of difficulty sleeping.
- Acute insomnia is caused by daily events like bad news, travel, etc.
- Chronic insomnia can be defined as a long period of difficulty sleeping.
- Insomnia is considered to be Chronic Insomnia, when a person has trouble sleeping for at least 3 nights per week over a period of 3 months or more than 3 months.
- There are various reasons for the cause of Chronic Insomnia.
- Comorbid insomnia can be defined as the Insomnia that occurs due to the Psychiatric symptoms.
- Psychiatric symptoms may be anxiety, depression.
- When a person while facing such medical conditions can cause the Insomnia an that insomnia is called as Comorbid insomnia.
- Onset insomnia can be defined as the state where a person feels difficulty falling asleep whenever that person goes to bed.
- The last type of Insomnia.
- Maintenance insomnia can be defined as the state where people has the inability to stay asleep.
- i.e. in Maintenance insomnia, people can’t sleep continuously, whenever they wakeup during the night, they can’t get back to sleep easily.
- Basically, Sleep hygiene and lifestyle changes may be the initial treatment for insomnia.
- Sleep hygiene includes a consistent bedtime, exposure to sunlight, a quiet and dark room, and regular exercise.
- A qualified sleep specialist should be consulted for the diagnosis of any sleep disorder so the appropriate measures can be taken.